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Aleksandr Pushkin

(1799 - 1837)

Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (June 6 [O.S. May 26], 1799 – February 10 [O.S. January 29], 1837) was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Pushkin was born into the nobility but demonstrated a rebellious streak against the rigid social hierarchies of his time, which often brought him into conflict with authorities.

Pushkin's work is characterized by its use of the Russian language in innovative and expressive ways, helping to elevate vernacular Russian into a literary language that could compete with the French that was predominant in the literary circles of his day. His major works include the epic poem "Ruslan and Ludmila," the drama "Boris Godunov," the novel in verse "Eugene Onegin," and the short story "The Queen of Spades." These works are lauded for their exploration of life, love, society, and the human experience through the unique lens of Russian culture.

His life was marked by a passionate nature and a flair for drama, culminating in his untimely death at the age of 37 in a duel defending his wife's honor. Despite his brief career, Pushkin's legacy endures, with his works continuing to inspire readers and writers around the world. His birthday is celebrated as Russian Language Day to honor his contributions to Russian literature.

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