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Virginia Woolf

(1882 - 1941)

Virginia Woolf was an English novelist, essayist, biographer, and a pioneering figure in modernist literature. Woolf was known for her innovative literary techniques, particularly her use of stream of consciousness and explorations of the inner lives of her characters.

Born into an affluent household in London, Woolf was largely self-educated at her father's library. Her early life was marked by personal tragedy, including the loss of her mother and brother, which influenced her writing and may have contributed to the mental health issues she faced throughout her life.

Woolf was a central figure in the Bloomsbury Group, a circle of intellectuals and artists who were key proponents of modernist thought in England. Her most famous works include "Mrs. Dalloway" (1925), which presents a woman's thoughts and emotions on a single day in post-World War I London; "To the Lighthouse" (1927), a poignant exploration of family dynamics and the passage of time; and "Orlando" (1928), a fantastical biography that spans centuries, reflecting on gender and identity.

Woolf was also an influential feminist and her extended essay "A Room of One's Own" (1929) argues for both a literal and figurative space for women writers in a male-dominated literary tradition. She emphasized the importance of financial independence and educational opportunities for women to create and contribute to the arts.

Struggling with her mental health, Woolf took her own life in 1941. Nevertheless, her work continues to be studied for its depth, its lyrical quality, and its contributions to feminist discourse and narrative form.

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